Little Pampered Babies

Female Reproductive System

Summary:The female reproductive system is an amazing set of organs that gives life to the human species. Every human being alive today was at one time in a mother’s womb, and through much pain and labor we were all brought into the world. The reproductive system consists of two main parts, the uterus and the ovaries. Other parts include the Fallopian tubes (or oviducts), cervix and vagina. The tissues are efficient, tough and they work together in harmony to usher life into the earth.

First, let’s talk about where the story of reproduction begins, the ovaries. When a girl is born, her ovaries generally have all the eggs she will ever need. This is unlike the testes of males, which continually create sperm after puberty. At certain intervals of time (usually once every month) the ovaries receive a chemical signal from the pituitary gland in the brain telling them to release an ovum or egg into the Fallopian tubes. This process is known as ovulation. After ovulation, the egg is transported through the oviducts by tiny hair-like projections on the wall of the tubes called cilia. This process can take a few hours or a few days, and it is during this time that the ovum can be fertilized by incoming sperm. If the egg is not fertilized, it will continue its journey into the uterus and then be flushed out during the next menstruation (period).

A woman’s period is when the endometrial lining of the uterus is shed and flows out through the vagina. A fertilized ovum, known as a zygote, will implant itself in the lining of the uterus and release hormone signals that stop the shedding from happening. A woman will not get her period during the entire pregnancy. Once implanted, the zygote divides and grows into an embryo, then grows into a fetus. Once the fetus is large enough to survive outside of the womb, the muscles of the uterus contract and push the baby out through the cervix and birth canal (vagina).

The uterus itself is small and muscular, but once a baby begins to grow inside, it expands to an amazing extent and then plays the most important role in pushing the baby out during labor and delivery. It is specifically designed to accept a fertilized ovum and nourish it throughout the pregnancy. On the lower end, the uterus goes into the cervix, which is connected to the vagina. The vagina is a muscular tube that leads to the outside of the female body. On the other end, it is connected to two oviducts that serve as the passageway for each egg that comes from the ovaries.

In order to maintain reproductive health, a woman must take care of her reproductive organs by getting a regular check up with her gynecologist. Cervical cancer is a possible danger yet if it’s detected early it can be successfully treated. Also, women should abstain from dangerous sexual activities that can result in STD’s (sexually transmitted diseases) as many of them can damage a woman’s reproductive ability.

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